The Marine Board (a division of the European Science Foundation) was established in 1995 to facilitate enhanced cooperation between European marine science organisations (both research institutes and research funding agencies) to facilitate the development of a common vision on the research priorities and strategies for marine science in Europe. As of 2009, the Marine Board represents 30 member organisations from 19 countries. Adopting a strategic role, the Marine Board serves its member organisations by providing a forum within which marine research policy is developed, with the objective of promoting the establishment of the European Marine Research Area.
EMSO, the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory, is a large-scale European Research Infrastructure. EMSO will be based on a European-scale network of seafloor observatories and platforms with the basic scientific objective of long-term monitoring, mainly in real-time, of environmental processes related to the interaction between the geosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere, including natural hazards. It will be a geographically distributed infrastructure composed of several deep-seafloor observatories that will be deployed on specific sites around European waters, reaching from the Arctic to the Black Sea passing through the Mediterranean Sea, thus forming a widely distributed pan-European infrastructure.
ENVINET is an "Infrastructure Co-operation Network" focusing on multidisciplinary environmental research in Northern Europe. The network involves 17 research stations from the European Alps to the Arctic. Each station participates in the network via a representative for its operator and scientific users. ENVINET also has representatives from relevant international organisations and networks. The participating stations cover a broad range of environmental sciences, primarily within atmospheric physics and chemistry, and marine and terrestrial biology.
Earthnet Online is the entry point for scientific-technical information on Earth Observation activities by the European Space Agency (ESA). The web portal provides a vast amount of content, grown and collected over more than a decade: Detailed technical information on Earth Observation (EO) missions, satellites and sensors, EO data products & services, online resources such as catalogues and library, a section dedicated to applications of satellite data, and access to promotional satellite imagery.
The European Polar Board (EPB) is an independent European Organization of Directors and Managers of the major European National Polar Programmes. It was established in 1995 by the European Science Foundation as a strategic advisory body on Polar Science. It is concerned with major strategic priorities in the Arctic and Antarctic and has members from national operators and research institutes in 17 countries.
The EPB’s mission is to coordinate European Arctic and Antarctic research, optimize the use of European research infrastructures, foster multilateral collaboration between European national funding agencies, national polar institutes and research organizations and represent polar issues within European research framework programmes.
EPB acts in the European context, with a bipolar vision, a scientific and managerial membership and the ability to support scientific activities and cooperation by means of coordinated polar facilities and field operations. Over 40 polar stations in the Arctic and Antarctic are managed by EPB members.
The European Polar Board has active liaison with major polar programmes outside of Europe and with international polar scientific organisations and networks and other relevant international agencies.
EPICA is a multinational European project for deep ice core drilling in Antarctica. Its main objective is to obtain full documentation of the climatic and atmospheric record archived in Antarctic ice by drilling and analyzing two ice cores and comparing these with their Greenland counterparts. Evaluation of these records will provide information about the natural climate variability and mechanisms of rapid climatic changes during the last glacial epoch. Deep drilling has taken place at two sites in Antarctica: Concordia Station, Dome C (coordinates 75°06'S; 123°21'E, 3233 m above sea level), and Kohnen Station, Dronning Maud Land (coordinates 75°00'S; 00°04'E, 2892 m above sea level).
Despite the fact that polar low research is a matter of interest to the scientific community for more than 30 years, polar low research is still of high interest for all nations working in the polar regions. While in its early years polar low research was mainly focussed on the European polar seas, polar MCs are now investigated over almost all oceans affected by cold air outbreaks in the Northern Hemisphere (NH) and also in the Southern Hemisphere (SH). For the NH, research has been conducted in the Japan Sea, the Labrador Sea, Hudson Bay, and the Davis Street, and also for the areas of the Greenland Sea, the Norwegian Sea, and the Barents Sea. For the SH, MCs have been observed for different regions of the Antarctic by means of satellite imagery used to investigate the synoptic climatology of MCs. Regional climatological studies using higher resolution satellite data and detailed observational studies have been carried out for the areas of the Ross and Bellingshausen Sea, and also for the areas of the Bellingshausen and Weddell Sea. Recently observational and numerical model studies have been performed.
The EPPR Working Group was established under the Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS) in 1991 to provide a framework for future cooperation in responding to the threat of environmental emergencies. The EPPR Working Group is one of five working groups of the Arctic Council, which was established in 1996 to foster international co-operation on environmental protection and sustainable development in the Arctic.
The European Space Agency (ESA) is Europe's gateway to space. Its mission is to shape the development of Europe's space capability and ensure that investment in space continues to deliver benefits to the citizens of Europe and the world. ESA's job is to draw up the European space programme and carry it through. ESA's programmes are designed to find out more about Earth, its immediate space environment, our Solar System and the Universe, as well as to develop satellite-based technologies and services, and to promote European industries. ESA also works closely with space organisations outside Europe.
The Earth Science Data and Information System (ESDIS) enables the collection of Earth science data from the EOS spacecraft. As NASA's Earth science data system, ESDIS provides command and control, scheduling, data processing, and data archiving and distribution services for EOS missions. The mission operations, managed by the Earth Science Mission Operations (ESMO) Project, coordinate the communications through the Space and Ground Network facilities of the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS) and Polar Ground stations. The staff at the mission operations facilities perform the spacecraft and instrument control as well as the data capture and initial processing of the telemetry data.
The European Science Foundation (ESF) is an association of 80 member organisations devoted to scientific research in 30 European countries. Since we were established in 1974, we have coordinated a wide range of pan-European scientific initiatives, and our flexible organisation structure means we can respond quickly to new developments. The ESF is committed to facilitating cooperation and collaboration in European science on behalf of its principal stakeholders (Member Organisations and Europe's scientific community). This cross-border activity combines both 'top-down' and 'bottom-up' approaches in the long-term development of science.
EU-PolarNet is the world’s largest consortium of expertise and infrastructure for polar research. Seventeen countries are represented by 22 of Europe’s internationally-respected multi-disciplinary research institutions. From 2015-2020, EU-PolarNet will develop and deliver a strategic framework and mechanisms to prioritise science, optimise the use of polar infrastructure, and broker new partnerships that will lead to the co-design of polar research projects that deliver tangible benefits for society. By adopting a higher degree of coordination of polar research and operations than has existed previously the consortium engages in closer cooperation with all relevant actors on an international level.