At the National level, a number of national committees for IPY 2007-2008 have been formed to promote the Polar Year, to help coordinate each countries contributions to IPY, and to interact with national funding agencies.
HARC was created in 1997 as a component of the Arctic System Science Program (ARCSS) of the National Science Foundation. Within ARCSS, the aim of HARC is to better understand the role of humans in the functioning of and interactions among the various physical, biological, and social components of the arctic system and the significance of changes in the arctic system for people in the Arctic and across the globe.
The Humanities and Social Sciences Expert Group SCAR Social Sciences Action Group[HASSEG] was formed as an Action Group under the umbrella of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) in 2010 by a group of international scholars with the aim of fostering new approaches to Antarctic research grounded in the humanities and social sciences.
The High North Alliance was founded in 1991 as a result of cooperation by the Lofoten Regional Council and the Norwegian Whalers' Union. The organization was established in response to campaigns calling for a total ban on all commercial whaling and sealing, and the even more radical ones calling for a total ban on the killing of marine mammals for any reason whatsoever. The task of the High North Alliance is to provide alternative information to these campaigns. The organization's objective is to protect the rights of whalers, sealers, and fishermen to harvest renewable resources in accordance with the principle of sustainable management. The High North Alliance also works towards consolidating the knowledge and skills necessary for the ecologically sound management of marine mammal resources.